观看大国崛起有感:新概念英语第二册课堂笔记——lesson 11

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Lesson 11
      One good turn deserves another
                礼尚往来
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★turn  n. 行为,举止
behavior:行为,举止
pay attention to your behavior
turn:对人有影响力的行为

★deserve  v. 应得到,值得
He deserves praise.他应该得到表扬
Yor deserve the best.你应该得到最好的
deserve + n.
promotion:提升
He deserved a promotion.
deserve to do: 应该...
She deserved to be punished.
Good work deserves good pay.

★lawyer  n. 律师
lawyer's office:律师事务所

★bank   n. 银行
rob the bank:抢银行

★salary  n. 工资
pay:工资(salary+wage) 通用
salary:工资(月薪,年薪)……有固定工作或管理阶层
wage:工资(按小时,周计算的)……不稳定的工作
bonus:奖金,分红
collet:搜集,领取  collect salary/wage:领工资

★immediately  adv. 立刻
at once:立刻,马上
right now:现在
right away:=at once,immediately 立刻,马上

    First listen and then answer the question.
    听录音,然后回答以下问题。
    Who paid for Tony's dinner?
 
    I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now

working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me

and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me twenty

pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you

can pay for my dinner!'


参考译文

    我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作,而现在正在一家银行上班。他的薪水很高,但他却总是向朋

友借钱,并且从来不还。托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。他从未向我借过钱。当他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。令我惊奇的

是,他立刻把钱给了我。“我还从未向你借过钱,”托尼说道,“所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!”

【课文讲解】

One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来,善有善报
One bad turn deserves another 恶有恶报

work for……强调工作
work in……强调in后面的地点
some/several years ago
名词-s,前面省略了some
working at a bank 比较稳定
He gets a good salary.薪水不错
The teachers in the new oriental school can get good salary.
borrow from:从...借
never=not 前面不需要加助动词
pay back:还钱
and连接三个并列的动词
at the same table:坐在同一张桌子旁边
at table:吃饭
at the table:坐在桌子旁边
Would you like to join us?
has never borrowed 潜台词perhaps,this time he would borrow from me
ask sb.to do请求某人做...
to my surprise:真让我惊讶
pay for:为...而付钱
ask for:问...要
I have paid for you a dinner.
I have paid 20 dollars for the book.(强调)
It's my treat.我请客
Let's go dutch.AA制
This time  is your treat. next time is my turn.

【Key structures】

Exercises A
a.what is happening now……进行时态
b.what always happens……一般时态
c.what happened……过去时态
d.what has happened……现在完成时态
e.what was happening……过去进行时态

a. He is now working at a bank.(现阶段)
       We are learning English.

b.(现在、过去、将来)习惯、反复
He always lent his CD to the others.(过去)
I will visit you.(将来)
I visit you(无论现在,过去,还是将来)

c.在过去的时间里,发生的事情,不强调对现在的影响和跟其它时间的比较,叫一般过去式.
过去的过去……过去完成时
有过去发生的动作,但是还强调对现在的影响……现在完成时
有(yesterday,last night)以前的事情,没有强调对现在的影响……一般过去时

d.过去的行为对现在产生的影响或者过去的行为一直延续的现在……现在完成时

e.过去某一特定时间发生的动作……过去进行时

Exercises C
1.gets...got
2.have not had (have-have had)     
so far:up to now 到目前为止  现在完成时
3.was writing  were talking
4.I'm typing    at the moment……标志着现在进行时;now
5.were passing

Exercises D
...动词的正确语态填空,时态
先确定主被动,然后确定时态
in the seventeenth century……一般过去时的标志
The Taj Mahal……泰姬陵
was built; 
became; 
died; 
was built in one's honour:  为了纪念某人
were called  (call in:召集)  
was begun;
was completed;
cost;
has been visited;  (up to the present day : up to now)

【Multiple choice exercises】

4.a
at the moment:现在进行时
since:自从  点时间
for:一段  段时间
for three hours; since yesterday;   for a day;  for three days
since three days ago

8.a
good salary    well:表示好的时候一般用作副词
He is well.
fine……天气好,质量好

10.c
pay back:还钱
pay something:付钱    pay again;再次付钱
pay it :付钱       once more:again
repay it =pay back

11.one……代词,指代上文的名词   The red one.
a different one
one……指代单数可数名词
another
He is a boy

【Special difficulties】
I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.
ask somebody to do something.
want to do something    want somebody to do

会用sb to do sth的动词:
ask; want; tell; order; expect; wish; allow; advise; like; teach

一定不能说 hope somebody to do 正确用法:hope to do 或 hope that
 
Exercises A
1.order somebody to do
...the man to fire at the enemy
.........
Exercises B
1.He ask somebody to do something
He asked his wife to let him in.
2.prefer:宁可
I prefer him to die.
..........
b.salary wages     c.borrow from    lend to
exercises:
1.salary; 
2.lend  slary/wages 
3.borrowed  (laptop:手提电脑)
4.wages.
5.wages.

难点:
...somebody to do something